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Anal Chem. 2006 Sep 15;78(18):6542-6.

Determination of triclosan as its pentafluorobenzoyl ester in human plasma and milk using electron capture negative ionization mass spectrometry.

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Department of Applied Environmental Science, Stockholm University, SE-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden.


A sensitive method for the determination of triclosan in plasma and milk is presented. Following hydrolysis of possible conjugates, triclosan is extracted with n-hexane/acetone, partitioned into alcoholic potassium hydroxide, and converted into its pentafluorobenzoyl ester. After sulfuric acid cleanup, sample extracts are analyzed by gas chromatography/electron capture negative ionization mass spectrometry. The limit of quantification was 0.009 ng/g for a 5-g plasma sample and 0.018 ng/g for a 3-g milk sample. The coefficient of variation for the method was 6%. The method was tested on more than 70 human plasma and milk samples, of which all plasma samples and more than half of the milk samples were above the limit of quantification. The presented method has lowered the limit of quantification for triclosan in human matrixes significantly as compared to previous methods and makes possible the analysis of triclosan in humans under normal exposure conditions.

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