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Nano Lett. 2006 Sep;6(9):1880-6.

Transparent, conductive, and flexible carbon nanotube films and their application in organic light-emitting diodes.

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  • 1Department of E.E.-Electrophysics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA.


We have carried out comparative studies on transparent conductive thin films made with two kinds of commercial carbon nanotubes: HiPCO and arc-discharge nanotubes. These films have been further exploited as hole-injection electrodes for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) on both rigid glass and flexible substrates. Our experiments reveal that films based on arc-discharge nanotubes are overwhelmingly better than HiPCO-nanotube-based films in all of the critical aspects, including surface roughness, sheet resistance, and transparency. Further improvement in arc-discharge nanotube films has been achieved by using PEDOT passivation for better surface smoothness and using SOCl2 doping for lower sheet resistance. The optimized films show a typical sheet resistance of approximately 160 Omega/ square at 87% transparency and have been used successfully to make OLEDs with high stabilities and long lifetimes.

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