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J Vector Borne Dis. 2006 Jun;43(2):43-52.

Generation and characterisation of monoclonal antibodies specific to Plasmodium falciparum enolase.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Glycolysis is the sole source of energy for the intraerythrocytic stages of Plasmodium falciparum, making glycolytic enzymes putative therapeutic targets. Enolase, a single copy gene in P. falciparum is one such enzyme whose activity is elevated approximately 10-15 fold in infected RBC's. It holds the possibility of having multiple biological functions in the parasite and hence can be a suitable candidate for diagnostic and chemotherapeutic purposes.

METHODS:

We have aimed at generating parasite-specific reagents in the form of monoclonal antibodies. We have raised monoclonal antibodies against the recombinant P. falciparum enolase.

RESULTS:

Two IgG monoclonals were obtained with 1:1000 titre and specific for P. falciparum enolase. Apicomplexan parasites including P. falciparum enolase has a plant like pentapeptide sequence (104EWGWS108) which is uniquely different from the host counterpart. A peptide spanning this pentapeptide region (ELDGSKNEWGWSKSK) coupled to BSA was used to raise parasite-specific antibody. Four monoclonals were obtained with 1:1000 titre and of IgM isotype.

INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSION:

All the monoclonals are specific for P. falciparum enolase and one of them display reactivity against native P. falciparum enolase signifying this pentapeptide to be surface exposed and immunogenic.

PMID:
16967815
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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