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Int Orthop. 2007 Aug;31(4):513-23. Epub 2006 Sep 12.

Lumbar hyperlordosis of neuromuscular origin: pathophysiology and surgical strategy for correction.

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Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, Armand Trousseau Hospital, 26, avenue du Docteur Arnold Netter, 75571 Cedex 12 Paris, France.


Lumbar hyperlordosis of neuromuscular origin is rare and requires surgical treatment in order to preserve a good sitting posture. We report twenty-seven cases of a preponderantly sagittal hyperlordosis deformity of the lumbar spine in patients with neuromuscular disorders and identify the indications and results of treatment. Seventeen males and ten females, aged 13 to 27 years, underwent operations for a lumbar hyperlordosis of neuromuscular origin responsible for major difficulties in sitting. In all patients, the sacrum was horizontal and associated in twenty-six cases with marked pelvic anteversion. Eleven patients were treated surgically by a posterior approach. The sixteen remaining patients had a preliminary discectomy, followed by posterior correction and fusion. Lumbar hyperlordosis was reduced from 8 degrees to 77 degrees between L1 and S1. The horizontal sacrum was partially reduced with an improvement from 8 degrees to 50 degrees . Consequently, patients recovered a comfortable sitting position. One patient died of respiratory complications six weeks after surgery. Surgical correction is a demanding procedure which can be performed by a posterior approach. It is mandatory to analyse the spino-pelvic balance to avoid iliac retroversion and the loss of the role of the ischia in the sitting position.

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