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J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2006 Sep-Oct;21(5):354-62.

Cultural factors associated with antihypertensive medication adherence in Chinese immigrants.

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Department of Physiological Nursing, School of Nursing, University of California San Francisco, CA 94143-0610, USA.



Little is known about hypertension control and cultural factors related to medication adherence in Chinese immigrants.


: The purpose of this study was to characterize Chinese immigrants with hypertension and to examine what cultural factors are associated with medication adherence.


A cross-sectional design was used. Data were gathered from a convenience sample of 200 subjects recruited in an Asian outpatient clinic in the San Francisco Bay Area using self-report questionnaires and blood pressure measurements. Participants were Chinese immigrants 18 years old and older, taking antihypertensive medications, and able to speak Mandarin.


The mean age was 71 (+/-10) years. Half were men (50%). Most were married (70%), and reported an annual family income of <20,000 dollars (71%) and an average length of stay in the United States of 13 (+/-7) years. Medication adherence was reported by 75%, although only 51% had controlled hypertension. Four of 8 cultural factors were statistically significant predictors for medication nonadherence: lower perceived susceptibility [OR = 3.77 (95% CI 1.19, 12.01)]; higher perceived benefit of Chinese herbs [OR = 2.21 (95% CI 1.02, 4.81)]; lower perceived benefit of Western medications for hypertension [OR = 2.78 (95% CI 1.13, 6.84)]; and longer length of stay in the United States [OR = 2.48 (95% CI 1.12, 5.50)].


Four cultural factors were identified as significant predictors of medication nonadherence in this sample. These findings can guide culturally appropriate nursing interventions for hypertension management in Chinese immigrants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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