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Chest. 2006 Sep;130(3):815-21.

Average volume-assured pressure support in obesity hypoventilation: A randomized crossover trial.

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Department of Pneumology, University Hospital Freiburg, Killianstrasse 5, D-79106 Freiburg, Germany.



Average volume-assured pressure support (AVAPS) has been introduced as a new additional mode for a bilevel pressure ventilation (BPV) device (BiPAP; Respironics; Murrysville, PA), but studies on the physiologic and clinical effects have not yet been performed. There is a particular need to better define the most efficient ventilatory treatment modality for patients with obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS).


In OHS patients who did not respond to therapy with continuous positive airway pressure, the effects of BPV with the spontaneous/timed (S/T) ventilation mode with and without AVAPS over 6 weeks on ventilation pattern, gas exchange, sleep quality, and health-related quality of life (HRQL) assessed by the severe respiratory insufficiency questionnaire (SRI) were prospectively investigated in a randomized crossover trial.


Ten patients (mean [+/- SD] age, 53.5 +/- 11.7 years; mean body mass index, 41.6 +/- 12.1 kg/m2; mean FEV1/FVC ratio, 79.4 +/- 6.5%; mean transcutaneous P(CO2) [PtcCO2], 58 +/- 12 mm Hg) were studied. PtcCO2 nonsignificantly decreased during nocturnal BPV-S/T by -5.6 +/- 11.8 mm Hg (95% confidence interval [CI], -14.7 to 3.4 mm Hg; p = 0.188), but significantly decreased during BPV-S/T-AVAPS by -12.6 +/- 12.2 mm Hg (95% CI, -22.0 to -3.2 mm Hg; p = 0.015). Pneumotachographic measurements revealed a higher individual variance of peak inspiratory pressure (p < 0.001) and a trend for lower leak volumes but also for higher tidal volumes during BPV-S/T-AVAPS. The SRI summary scale score improved from 63 +/- 15 to 78 +/- 14 during BPV-S/T (p = 0.004) and to 76 +/- 16 during BPV-S/T-AVAPS (p = 0.014). Sleep quality and oxygen saturation also comparably improved following BPV-S/T and BPV-S/T-AVAPS.


BPV-S/T substantially improved oxygenation, sleep quality, and HRQL in patients with OHS. AVAPS provided additional benefits on ventilation quality, thus resulting in a more efficient decrease of PtcCO2. However, this did not provide further clinical benefits regarding sleep quality and HRQL.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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