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Chest. 2006 Sep;130(3):647-56.

Effect of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol on lung hyperinflation and exercise endurance in COPD.

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1
Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada. odonnell@post.queensu.ca

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effect of fluticasone propionate, 250 microg/salmeterol, 50 microg combination (FSC 250/50) twice daily on lung hyperinflation and associated measures of exercise performance in patients with COPD.

DESIGN:

This was a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study.

PATIENTS:

Eligible patients were > or = 40 years old with a diagnosis of COPD, prealbuterol FEV(1) < 70% of predicted, FEV1/FVC ratio > or = 0.70, and functional residual capacity (FRC) > or = 120% of predicted normal.

INTERVENTIONS:

Patients were randomized to FSC 250/50; salmeterol, 50 microg; or placebo twice daily for 8 weeks. Predose and postdose spirometry, plethysmography, and constant-load cycle cardiopulmonary exercise test evaluations were compared. The primary comparison was FSC 250/50 with placebo. The salmeterol group was included for exploratory comparisons with FSC 250/50.

RESULTS:

A total of 185 patients (mean baseline FEV1 of 41% predicted) were enrolled. At rest, FSC 250/50 significantly reduced postdose FRC and increased inspiratory capacity (IC) compared with placebo (differences of - 0.35 +/- 0.12 L and 0.33 +/- 0.06 L [mean +/- SE], respectively, at week 8; p > or = 0.003) and increased exercise endurance time (difference, 132 +/- 45 s; p = 0.004). At a standardized time during exercise (isotime), FSC 250/50 increased postdose IC by 0.20 +/- 0.05 L over placebo with associated improvements in tidal volume and minute ventilation (p < 0.05 vs placebo at week 8). Improvement in exercise time was significantly correlated with the increase in IC (r = 0.45, p < 0.001) but not FEV1 (r = 0.23, p = 0.08). Predose comparisons of FSC 250/50 with salmeterol and placebo favored FSC 250/50.

CONCLUSION:

We conclude that FSC 250/50 decreases lung hyperinflation at rest and during exercise with an associated increase in exercise endurance time when compared with placebo.

PMID:
16963658
DOI:
10.1378/chest.130.3.647
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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