Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006 Nov;72(11):7091-7. Epub 2006 Sep 8.

Use of native lactococci as vehicles for delivery of DNA into mammalian epithelial cells.

Author information

Unité de Virologie et Immunologie Moléculaire, INRA, Domaine de Vilvert, 78352 Jouy en Josas Cedex, France.


The use of the food-grade bacterium Lactococcus lactis as a DNA delivery vehicle at the mucosal level is an attractive DNA vaccination strategy. Previous experiments showed that recombinant L. lactis expressing the Listeria monocytogenes inlA gene can deliver a functional gene into mammalian cells. Here, we explored the potential use of noninvasive L. lactis strains as a DNA delivery vehicle. We constructed two Escherichia coli-L. lactis shuttle plasmids, pLIG:BLG1 and pLIG:BLG2, containing a eukaryotic expression cassette with the cDNA of bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG). The greatest BLG expression after transfection of Cos-7 cells was obtained with pLIG:BLG1, which was then used to transform L. lactis MG1363. The resulting L. lactis strain MG1363(pLIG:BLG1) was not able to express BLG. The potential of L. lactis as a DNA delivery vehicle was analyzed by detection of BLG in Caco-2 human colon carcinoma cells after 3 h of coincubation with (i) purified pLIG:BLG1, (ii) MG1363(pLIG:BLG1), (iii) a mix of MG1363(pLIG) and purified pLIG:BLG1, and (iv) MG1363. Both BLG cDNA and BLG expression were detected only in Caco-2 cells coincubated with MG1363(pLIG:BLG1). There was a decrease in the BLG cDNA level in Caco-2 cells between 24 and 48 h after coincubation. BLG expression by Caco-2 cells started at 24 h and increased between 24 and 72 h. BLG secretion by Caco-2 cells started 48 h after coincubation with MG1363(pLIG:BLG1). We conclude that lactococci can deliver BLG cDNA into mammalian epithelial cells, demonstrating their potential to deliver in vivo a DNA vaccine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center