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Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2006 Oct;28(4):280-7. Epub 2006 Sep 11.

Mechanisms of daptomycin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus.

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The John D. Dingell Department of Veteran's Affairs Medical Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.


Daptomycin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus emerged during therapy of tricuspid endocarditis. Susceptibility to daptomycin of the parent strain (SA-675), other daptomycin-susceptible strains and the non-susceptible mutant (SA-684) was heterogeneous; however, subpopulations growing at concentrations above the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) were not stably resistant. Stable resistance was produced only by serial passage on daptomycin-containing media. Daptomycin dissipated the membrane potential of SA-675 but not SA-684, which also lost an 81 kDa membrane protein. Whole cells and membranes of SA-684 bound a reduced amount of daptomycin. Reduced drug binding in SA-684 correlates with daptomycin resistance, possibly as a result of the loss of a membrane protein 'chaperone' with which daptomycin interacts. Heterogeneity of daptomycin MICs in susceptible strains may be an important factor in the development of stable, clinically relevant resistance.

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