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J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2006 Sep-Oct;13(5):398-402.

Fertility after treatment of Asherman's syndrome stage 3 and 4.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hôpital Antoine Béclère, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Clamart cedex, France. herve.fernandez@abc.aphp.fr

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the efficacy of hysteroscopic adhesiolysis and subsequent fertility in patients with adhesions stage 3 and 4.

DESIGN:

A retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2).

SETTING:

A tertiary referral center for hysteroscopic surgery.

PATIENTS:

Seventy-one patients with intrauterine permanent adhesions.

INTERVENTIONS:

Hysteroscopic surgery with monopolar energy (n=31) or bipolar energy (n=40). Uterine cavity with at least one free ostial area was restored after one (n=31), two (n=20), three (n=15), or four or more (n=5) surgical procedures

RESULTS:

Sixty-four patients were followed. Evaluation of the uterine cavity after surgery has been performed by hysteroscopy for all the patients. All patients had resumption of menses, except for two patients with a history of uterine artery embolization. Pregnancy index rate after the procedure was 28 (43.8%) of 64, and the live birth rate was 21 (32.8%) of 64. In patients 35 years of age or younger, 20 of 30 (66.6%) conceived compared with 8 of 34 (23.5%) in patients older than 35 years (p=.01). Three patients had either hysterectomy (n=2) or hypogastric arteries ligation for placenta accreta with uneventful postoperative course.

CONCLUSIONS:

Hysteroscopic adhesiolysis can be performed for severe adhesions stage 3 and 4 with safety and efficacy. Age is the main predictive factors of success: the pregnancies were at risk of abnormal placentation.

PMID:
16962521
DOI:
10.1016/j.jmig.2006.04.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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