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Inorg Chem. 2006 Sep 18;45(19):7522-34.

Solution-based synthetic strategies for 1-D nanostructures.

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Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People's Republic of China.


One-dimensional (1-D) nanostructures of materials have received great research attention because of their unique photochemistry, photophysical, and electron-transport properties different from those of bulky or nanoparticle materials. One of the main challenges in this field is how to precisely control the sizes, dimensionalities, compositions, and crystal structures of materials in nanoscale. This review summarizes the recent progress in the solution-based routes to prepare 1-D nanostructures, highlighting the contribution from this laboratory. Crystal structure as one of the inherent factors that may determine the growth behavior of the nanocrystals is emphasized in this paper. Particularly compounds with layered structures or anistropic crystal structures are given special attention in the controlled growth of 1-D nanostructures. This review aims to present a relatively general understanding of the correlation between the crystal structure and growth behavior of materials under solution-based conditions and show how to choose appropriate conditions for the growth of 1-D nanostructures.

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