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J Radiat Res. 2006 Nov;47(3-4):237-43. Epub 2006 Sep 6.

Distinct modes of cell death by ionizing radiation observed in two lines of feline T-lymphocytes.

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Laboratory of Veterinary Radiology and Radiation Biology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Kitasato University Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Towada, Aomori.


We have examined in vitro radiosensitivities and radioresponses to (60)Co gamma-rays irradiation in feline T-lymphocyte cell lines, FeT-J and FL-4. There seemed to be no significant difference in clonogenic survival between the two lines. The mean lethal dose for both was both 1.9 Gy, and surviving fraction at 2 Gy was 0.30 and 0.48 for FeT-J and FL-4 cells, respectively. However, TUNEL assay indicated much higher degrees of apoptosis induction in FeT-J cells (>40%) than in FL-4 cells (<10%) at 4 days after 15 Gy irradiation. Microscopic examination revealed a larger population of multi-nucleate cells in FL-4 cells (60.3%) than in FeT-J cells (16.0%) at 4 days after 15 Gy irradiation, suggesting that a larger ratio of mitotic catastrophe occurred in FL-4 cells. These results suggest that FeT-J is more likely to be induced into apoptosis and FL-4 is more likely to fall into mitotic catastrophe, and eventually necrosis; both of them showed a similar surviving fraction against gamma-rays. The results also indicate that FL-4 cells follow a process other than apoptosis to cell death, suggesting the presence of a regulatory mechanism that may control the relationship between mitotic catastrophe and apoptosis in feline T-lymphocytes.

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