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Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Sep;84(3):561-9.

Effects of tomato extract on platelet function: a double-blinded crossover study in healthy humans.

Author information

1
Provexis plc, The Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen, United Kingdom. niamh.okennedy@provexis.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Aqueous extracts from tomatoes display a range of antiplatelet activities in vitro. We previously showed that the active components also alter ex vivo platelet function in persons with a high response to ADP agonist.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective was to evaluate the suitability of a tomato extract for use as a dietary supplement to prevent platelet activation.

DESIGN:

A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled crossover study was conducted in 90 healthy human subjects selected for normal platelet function. Changes from baseline hemostatic function were measured 3 h after consumption of extract-enriched or control supplements.

RESULTS:

Significant reductions in ex vivo platelet aggregation induced by ADP and collagen were observed 3 h after supplementation with doses of tomato extract equivalent to 6 (6TE) and 2 (2TE) tomatoes [3 micromol ADP/L: 6TE (high dose), -21.3%; 2TE (low dose), -12.7%; P < 0.001; 7.5 micromol ADP/L: 6TE, -7.8%, 2TE, -7.6%; P < 0.001; 3 mg collagen/L: 6TE, -17.5%; 2TE, -14.6%; P = 0.007]. No significant effects were observed for control supplements. A dose response to tomato extract was found at low levels of platelet stimulation. Inhibition of platelet function was greatest in a subgroup with the highest plasma homocysteine (P < 0.05) and C-reactive protein concentrations (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

As a functional food or dietary supplement, tomato extract may have a role in primary prevention of cardiovascular disease by reducing platelet activation, which could contribute to a reduction in thrombotic events.

PMID:
16960170
DOI:
10.1093/ajcn/84.3.561
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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