Send to

Choose Destination
J Immunol Methods. 2006 Aug 31;315(1-2):144-52. Epub 2006 Aug 18.

Detection of memory B lymphocytes specific to hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) from HBsAg-vaccinated or HBV-immunized subjects by ELISPOT assay.

Author information

Laboratoire de Virologie, Hôpital Lapeyronie, 291 av. du Doyen G. Giraud, 34295 Montpellier, France.


To improve the investigation of the role of human memory B lymphocytes following hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or vaccination, we developed a method to characterize circulating memory B cells specific to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Our approach combined: (1) purification of CD19+ cells, (2) CD40-CD40L polyclonal stimulation, and (3) enumeration of memory B cells differentiated into anti-HBs antibody (Ab)-secreting cells (HBs-SCs) by a HBs-ELISPOT assay. In this way, HBs-SCs were detected in 17 HBsAg-vaccinated and nine HBV-immunized subjects including four individuals with serum anti-HBs Ab levels < 10 mIU/ml, but not in six controls. IgG+, IgA+ plus IgM+ HBs-SCs, representing 5-1736 cells/10(6) circulating B cells and 0.02-0.58% of total immunoglobulin-SCs generated by the B cell polyclonal stimulation, were counted by an Ig two-colour ELISPOT assay. In addition, anti-HBs Abs were found in 8/15 supernatants recovered from B cell cultures which contained HBs-SCs, suggesting that the HBs-ELISPOT assay is more reliable in tracking HBsAg-specific memory B cells than ELISA measurement of anti-HBs Abs secreted in supernatants. This new approach could be useful to explore the presence and the longevity of HBsAg-specific memory B cells in vaccinated and immunized subjects, in chronic HBV infection and after liver transplantation for HBV-related disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center