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Psychiatr Q. 2006 Fall;77(3):223-9.

Social functioning in body dysmorphic disorder: assessment considerations.

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Butler Hospital, 345 Blackstone Blvd., Providence, RI, 02906, USA.


Individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) have markedly poor social functioning; however, previous reports may underestimate impairment. Scoring on certain functioning measures such as the Social Adjustment Scale-Self Report (SAS-SR) potentially excludes more severely ill individuals from some domains, thereby possibly underestimating functional impairment. To explore this issue, 73 individuals with BDD who reported having no primary relationship (and were therefore excluded from scoring on the SAS-SR Primary Relationship domain) were compared to 58 individuals with BDD who had a primary relationship. Subjects without a primary relationship had significantly poorer global social adjustment on several measures. They also had poorer scores on the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale and greater severity of BDD and depressive symptoms at a trend level. These findings suggest that the SAS-SR may underestimate social impairment. This underestimation may pertain to other domains of functioning, other disorders, and certain other functioning and quality of life measures.

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