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Methods Mol Biol. 2006;346:15-30.

The Genome of Dictyostelium discoideum.

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Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.


The Dictyostelium discoideum genome has been sequenced, assembled and annotated to a high degree of reliability. The parts-list of proteins and RNA encoded by the six chromosomes can now be accessed and analyzed. One of the initial surprises was the remarkably large number of genes that are shared with plants, animals, and fungi that must have been present in their common progenitor over a billion years ago. The genome encodes a total of about 10,300 proteins including protein families involved in cytoskeletal control, posttranslational protein modification, detoxification, secondary metabolism, cell adhesion, and signal transduction. The genome has a higher proportion of homopolymeric tracts and simple sequence repeats, such as [CAA]n, than most other genomes. Triplet repeats in translated regions produce the highest known proportion of polyglutamine tracts in any known proteome. Phylogenetic analyses based on complete proteomes confirm that the amoebozoa are a sister group to the animals and fungi, distinct from plants and early diverging species such as Leishmania, Plasmodium, or Giardia. The completed Dictyostelium sequence opens the door to large-scale functional exploration of its genome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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