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J Membr Biol. 1990 May;115(3):203-15.

Regulation of maxi-K+ channels on pancreatic duct cells by cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation.

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1
Department of Physiological Sciences, University Medical School, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Using the patch-clamp technique we have identified a Ca2(+)-sensitive, voltage-dependent, maxi-K+ channel on the basolateral surface of rat pancreatic duct cells. The channel had a conductance of approximately 200 pS in excised patches bathed in symmetrical 150 mM K+, and was blocked by 1 mM Ba2+. Channel open-state probability (Po) on unstimulated cells was very low, but was markedly increased by exposing the cells to secretin, dibutyryl cyclic AMP, forskolin or isobutylmethylxanthine. Stimulation also shifted the Po/voltage relationship towards hyperpolarizing potentials, but channel conductance was unchanged. If patches were excised from stimulated cells into the inside-out configuration, Po remained high, and was not markedly reduced by lowering bath (cytoplasmic) Ca2+ concentration from 2 mM to 0.1 microM. However, activated channels were still blocked by 1 mM Ba2+. Channel Po was also increased by exposing the cytoplasmic face of excised patches to the purified catalytic subunit of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase. We conclude that cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation can activate maxi-K+ channels on pancreatic duct cells via a stable modification of the channel protein itself, or a closely associated regulatory subunit, and that phosphorylation alters the responsiveness of the channels to Ca2+. Physiologically, these K+ channels may contribute to the basolateral K+ conductance of the duct cell and, by providing a pathway for current flow across the basolateral membrane, play an important role in pancreatic bicarbonate secretion.

PMID:
1695685
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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