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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2006 Dec;45(12):1121-9.

Detection in primary chronic myeloid leukaemia cells of p210BCR-ABL1 in complexes with adaptor proteins CBL, CRKL, and GRB2.

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Department of Haematology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, Hammersmith Campus, London, UK.


Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) arises as a consequence of the expression of a chimeric fusion protein, p210BCR-ABL1, which is localized to the cytoplasm and has constitutive protein tyrosine kinase activity. Extensive publications report that p210BCR-ABL1 complexed with multiple cytoplasmic proteins can modulate several cell signaling pathways. However, while altered signaling states can be demonstrated in primary CML material, most of the reported analytical work on complexed proteins has been done in cell lines expressing p210BCR-ABL1. This has been necessary because primary hemopoietic cell lysates contain a degradative activity which rapidly and permanently destroys p210BCR-ABL1, precluding accurate p210BCR-ABL1 quantification by Western blotting or investigation of coimmunoprecipitating proteins in primary cells. This degradative activity has proven intractable to inhibition by conventional protease inhibitors. We show here that the degradative activity in primary cells is associated with cell lysosomes and is most likely to be an acid-dependent hydrolase. By lysing primary hemopoietic cells at high pH, we have demonstrated substantial inhibition of the p210BCR-ABL1-degradative activity and now report, to the best of our knowledge, the first published demonstration by coimmunoprecipitation of the association between p210BCR-ABL1 and cytoplasmic effector proteins in primary CML material.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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