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J Biochem. 2006 Aug;140(2):161-6.

Autophagy in innate immunity against intracellular bacteria.

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1
Department of Oral Frontier Biology, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Suita-Osaka. amanoa@dent.osaka-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Many pathogenic bacteria can invade phagocytic and non-phagocytic cells and colonize them intracellularly, then become disseminated to other cells. The endocytic degradation pathway is thought to be the only prevention against such intracellular pathogens. Autophagy, a fundamental cellular homeostasis pathway that operates with the intracellular degradation/recycling system, causes the turnover of cellular components by delivering portions of the cytoplasm and organelles to lysosomes. Recently, we reported that autophagic degradation is a previously unrecognized effector of host innate immunity. Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A Streptococcus; GAS) successfully enters human epithelial cells via endocytosis. GAS immediately escapes from the endosomes to the cytoplasm and gains a replicative niche, after which GAS in the cytoplasm is trapped in autophagosome-like compartments and degraded upon fusion with lysosomes. This process indicates that autophagy plays a protective role in infectious diseases. We also found that autophagic degradation was induced against Staphylococcus aureus, while methicillin-resistant S. aureus were resistant to autophagic degradation. The present review focuses on the protective function of autophagy against bacterial invasion of cells.

PMID:
16954534
DOI:
10.1093/jb/mvj162
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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