Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Blood. 2007 Jan 1;109(1):212-8. Epub 2006 Sep 5.

Hematopoietic stem cell-engrafted NOD/SCID/IL2Rgamma null mice develop human lymphoid systems and induce long-lasting HIV-1 infection with specific humoral immune responses.

Author information

Department of Virology, Division of Medical Science, Medical Research Institute, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan.


Critical to the development of an effective HIV/AIDS model is the production of an animal model that reproduces long-lasting active replication of HIV-1 followed by elicitation of virus-specific immune responses. In this study, we constructed humanized nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency (NOD/SCID)/interleukin-2 receptor gamma-chain knockout (IL2Rgamma(null)) (hNOG) mice by transplanting human cord blood-derived hematopoietic stem cells that eventually developed into human B cells, T cells, and other monocytes/macrophages and 4 dendritic cells associated with the generation of lymphoid follicle-like structures in lymphoid tissues. Expressions of CXCR4 and CCR5 antigens were recognized on CD4+ cells in peripheral blood, the spleen, and bone marrow, while CCR5 was not detected on thymic CD4+ T cells. The hNOG mice showed marked, long-lasting viremia after infection with both CCR5- and CXCR4-tropic HIV-1 isolates for more than the 40 days examined, with R5 virus-infected animals showing high levels of HIV-DNA copies in the spleen and bone marrow, and X4 virus-infected animals showing high levels of HIV-DNA copies in the thymus and spleen. Furthermore, we detected both anti-HIV-1 Env gp120- and Gag p24-specific antibodies in animals showing a high rate of viral infection. Thus, the hNOG mice mirror human systemic HIV infection by developing specific antibodies, suggesting that they may have potential as an HIV/AIDS animal model for the study of HIV pathogenesis and immune responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center