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Cell Mol Life Sci. 2006 Sep;63(18):2183-90.

Control of methionine biosynthesis genes by protein kinase CK2-mediated phosphorylation of Cdc34.

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  • 1Biochemische Zellphysiologie (A135), Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.


Methionine and metabolites such as S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) are of vital importance for eukaryotes; AdoMet is the main donor of methyl groups and is involved in expression control of the methionine biosynthesis genes (MET genes). Genome-wide expression profiling of protein kinase CK2 deletion strains of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has indicated a function for CK2 in MET gene control. Deletion of the regulatory CK2 subunits leads to MET gene repression, presumably due to an impaired phosphorylation of the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme Cdc34, which controls the central MET gene transcription factor Met4. We show that CK2 phosphorylates Cdc34 at two sites and one of these, Ser282, has a significant impact on MET gene expression in vivo, and that high AdoMet levels inhibit CK2. The data provide evidence for a control of MET gene expression by protein kinase CK2-mediated phosphorylation of Cdc34, and appear to suggest a feedback control loop in which high AdoMet-levels are limiting CK2 activity and thus MET gene expression.

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