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J Immunol. 2006 Sep 15;177(6):4064-71.

IL-17A induces eotaxin-1/CC chemokine ligand 11 expression in human airway smooth muscle cells: role of MAPK (Erk1/2, JNK, and p38) pathways.

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Department of Immunology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.


Recently, IL-17A has been shown to be expressed in higher levels in respiratory secretions from asthmatics and correlated with airway hyperresponsiveness. Although these studies raise the possibility that IL-17A may influence allergic disease, the mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms involved in IL-17A-mediated CC chemokine (eotaxin-1/CCL11) production from human airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells. We found that incubation of human ASM cells with rIL-17A resulted in a significant increase of eotaxin-1/CCL11 release from ASM cells that was reduced by neutralizing anti-IL-17A mAb. Moreover, IL-17A significantly induced eotaxin-1/CCL11 release and mRNA expression, an effect that was abrogated with cycloheximide and actinomycin D treatment. Furthermore, transfection studies using a luciferase-driven reporter construct containing eotaxin-1/CCL11 proximal promoter showed that IL-17A induced eotaxin-1/CCL11 at the transcriptional level. IL-17A also enhanced significantly IL-1beta-mediated eotaxin-1/CCL11 mRNA, protein release, and promoter activity in ASM cells. Primary human ASM cells pretreated with inhibitors of MAPK p38, p42/p44 ERK, JNK, or JAK but not PI3K, showed a significant decrease in eotaxin-1/CCL11 release upon IL-17A treatment. In addition, IL-17A mediated rapid phosphorylation of MAPK (p38, JNK, and p42/44 ERK) and STAT-3 but not STAT-6 or STAT-5 in ASM cells. Taken together, our data provide the first evidence of IL-17A-induced eotaxin-1/CCL11 expression in ASM cells via MAPK (p38, p42/p44 ERK, JNK) signaling pathways. Our results raise the possibility that IL-17A may play a role in allergic asthma by inducing eotaxin-1/CCL11 production.

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