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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2007 Apr;76(1):142-5. Epub 2006 Sep 6.

Preconception care of women attending adult general diabetes clinics--are we doing enough?

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Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Princess Royal Hospital, Telford TF1 6TF, UK.



The presence of diabetes in pregnancy can result in substantial morbidity to both mother and baby if management is sub-optimal.


To assess the process of standards of preconception care (against the National Service Framework standards) of women attending the adult general diabetes clinics in a district general hospital.


Retrospective review of case notes of women aged 18-40 years attending the general diabetes clinics for annual review, over a period of 6 months.


Seventy sets of notes were reviewed. The mean age of the patients was 32 years. Fifty-six patients had type-1 diabetes and 14 patients had type-2 diabetes. Mean duration of diabetes was 13 years. Eighty-six percent of the patients had blood pressure recordings documented. Mean blood pressure was 124/74 mmHg. Mean HbA1c was 9.1%. Documented evidence of home blood glucose monitoring was seen in 66% of the patients. Preconception counselling/contraception were discussed in 17 patients (25%). Twenty-nine patients (41%) were on potentially teratogenic medications. Alcohol and smoking history was not documented in 91% and 61% of the patients, respectively.


This retrospective assessment highlights that reproductive issues in an at risk population of women with diabetes are not included in routine management of diabetes care in outpatient clinics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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