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Mol Immunol. 1990 May;27(5):395-403.

Epitope mapping of the HIV-1 gag region with monoclonal antibodies.

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Department of Virology, National Bacteriological Laboratory, Stockholm, Sweden.


A new type of immunochemical mapping of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gag region was performed. By use of native HIV-1 viral lysates or the gag recombinant p24-15 antigen, a new set of monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) to the gag region proteins was generated. Synthetic HIV-1 peptides covering the entire gag region were used to specifically localize the continuous epitopes by direct binding to the Mabs and by blocking the Mab immunoreactivity. The identified immunogenic epitopes were localized between the gag amino acids (aa) 108-127, 203-217, 208-222, 248-282, 273-302, 288-307, 308-322, 331-354 and 408-422. These continuous epitopes formed seven immunogenic regions. One strongly p17-reactive Mab appeared to react with a discontinuous epitope, the components of which were 110 aa distant in the linear sequence: aa 23-27 and 128-132. The synthetic peptides appeared to be more congruent with the Mab-reactive sites in solution than when coated to a solid phase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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