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Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2006 Aug-Sep;21(4):281-6.

Frontotemporal dementia-like phenotypes associated with presenilin-1 mutations.

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Neurobehavior Unit, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare, CA 90073, USA.


Frontal behavioral changes may be the presenting features of single-photon emission tomography (presenilin-1 [PS-1]) mutations, the most common cause of familial Alzheimer's disease (AD). The authors describe a PS-1 (M233L) mutation with the features of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and review the literature. PS-1 mutations may produce FTD-like phenotypes with the neuropathology of AD. Some PS-1 mutations have additional Pick's bodies, a neuropathological marker of FTD, and a report of a PS-1 (G183V) mutation found Pick's bodies without amyloid plaques. The patient and the literature suggest that PS-1 mutations result in an overlapping continuum of the clinical and neuropathological features of AD and FTD. In PS-1 mutations, the expression of AD or FTD may depend on the degree of loss of function of the PS-1 gene and the resultant tau pathophysiology.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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