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J Leukoc Biol. 2006 Dec;80(6):1584-92. Epub 2006 Aug 31.

MD-2 expression is not required for cell surface targeting of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4).

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1
Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, NRB, 370L, 364 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USA. alberto.visintin@umassmed.edu

Abstract

The cell surface receptor complex formed by TLR4 and myeloid differentiation 2 (MD-2) is engaged when cells are exposed to LPS. Recent studies suggested that surface localization of functional mouse TLR4 (mTLR4) depends on the simultaneous expression of MD-2. As we did not observe a similar requirement, we conducted a comparative study of human TLR4 and mTLR4 surface expression in immune cells derived from the MD-2 knockout mouse and LPS-responsive cell lines and in cells that ectopically express TLR4. Our results indicate that in the human and mouse models, neither TLR4 function nor TLR4 surface targeting requires MD-2 coexpression. Accordingly, we report on one human cell line, which constitutively expresses functional TLR4 on the cell surface in the absence of MD-2 expression.

PMID:
16946018
DOI:
10.1189/jlb.0606388
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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