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J Med Chem. 1990 Jul;33(7):1906-10.

Structure-activity relationships of 8-cycloalkyl-1,3-dipropylxanthines as antagonists of adenosine receptors.

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Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University, School of Medicine, Nashville 37232.


8-Substituted xanthines currently represent the most potent class of adenosine-receptor antagonists. A series of 8-substituted 1,3-dipropylxanthines was prepared and their potency as antagonists of A1 and A2 adenosine receptors of human platelets and rat adipocytes, respectively, were determined. No agents studied were as potent as 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine as antagonists of the A1 adenosine receptor, but 8-(2-methylcyclopropyl)-1,3-dipropylxanthine was at least 1000-fold more potent as an antagonist of A1 than of A2 adenosine receptors. While most substitutions on the 8-cycloalkyl moiety caused decreased potency to inhibit both A1 and A2 adenosine receptors, 8-[trans-4-(acetamidomethyl)cyclohexyl]-1,3-dipropylxanthine was nearly equipotent as an antagonist of the two receptors and appeared to be the most potent antagonist of A2 adenosine receptors reported to date.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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