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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006 Nov;1757(11):1529-38. Epub 2006 Jul 12.

Assignment of a kinetic component to electron transfer between iron-sulfur clusters F(X) and F(A/B) of Photosystem I.

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Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, UMR 7141 CNRS/Paris 6, 13 Rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France.


We studied the kinetics of reoxidation of the phylloquinones in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Photosystem I using site-directed mutations in the PhQ(A)-binding site and of the residues serving as the axial ligand to ec3(A) and ec3(B) chlorophylls. In wild type PS I, these kinetics are biphasic, and mutations in the binding region of PhQ(A) induced a specific slowing down of the slow component. This slowing allowed detection of a previously unobserved 180-ns phase having spectral characteristics that differ from electron transfer between phylloquinones and F(X). The new kinetic phase thus reflects a different reaction that we ascribe to oxidation of F(X)(-) by the F(A/B) FeS clusters. These absorption changes partly account for the differences between the spectra associated with the two kinetic components assigned to phylloquinone reoxidation. In the mutant in which the axial ligand to ec3(A) (PsaA-Met688) was targeted, about 25% of charge separations ended in P(700)(+)A(0)(-) charge recombination; no such recombination was detected in the B-side symmetric mutant. Despite significant changes in the amplitude of the components ascribed to phylloquinone reoxidation in the two mutants, the overall nanosecond absorption changes were similar to the wild type. This suggests that these absorption changes are similar for the two different phylloquinones and that part of the differences between the decay-associated spectra of the two components reflect a contribution from different electron acceptors, i.e. from an inter-FeS cluster electron transfer.

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