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Neurol Res. 2006 Sep;28(6):595-604.

Cardiac risk factors and potential treatments in Alzheimer's disease.

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  • 1Alzheimer Disease Research Center of Mount Sinai School of Medicine, NYC, James J Peters VAMC, Bronx, NY 10468, USA.


Dementia is one of the commonest neurological disorders in the elderly population. In regards to the increasing longevity of populations worldwide, prevention of dementia has become a major public health challenge. There has been an intense research in the identification of modifiable risk factors for dementia. These risk factors could then be used as targets for intervention, pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic. Numerous reports of the relation between cardiovascular risk factors and cognitive decline and dementia have been published over the past years. This review focuses on the cardiovascular risk factors hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus as targets for prevention of cognitive decline, overall dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Observational studies and clinical trials regarding the association between antihypertensive, lipid lowering and antidiabetic medications and the risk of impaired cognition, dementia or Alzheimer's disease are reviewed. Based on these data, we propose that early interventions at reducing these cardiovascular risk factors may have an impact on future incidence and prevalence of cognitive deficits of many etiologies including Alzheimer's disease.

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