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Comp Med. 2006 Aug;56(4):247-51.

Persistent infection with and serologic cross-reactivity of three novel murine noroviruses.

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Research Animal Diagnostic Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.


According to serologic testing, murine norovirus is the most prevalent viral pathogen in contemporary laboratory mice. Previously, murine norovirus 1 (MNV-1) was the only norovirus reported to infect research mice. In this study, 3 novel murine norovirus strains--MNV-2, MNV-3, and MNV-4--were isolated from geographically separate mouse research colonies. All 4 murine norovirus strains used as individual antigens in microsphere fluorescent immunoassays displayed serologic cross-reactivity to serum from mice inoculated with MNV-1, MNV-2, MNV-3, or MNV-4. In addition, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis at 8 wk postinoculation detected virus in the feces and tissues of all mice experimentally inoculated with MNV-2, MNV-3, or MNV-4. This finding suggests that mice can have prolonged fecal shedding of and can become persistently infected with murine noroviruses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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