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FASEB J. 2006 Oct;20(12):2133-5. Epub 2006 Aug 29.

Regulation of c-jun mRNA expression in adult cardiocytes by MAP kinase interacting kinase-1 (MNK1).

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Department of Medicine, The Gazes Cardiac Research Institute, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29403, USA.


Hypertrophic growth of adult myocardium is associated with increased expression of the early response gene c-jun. The purpose of this study was to determine whether eukaryotic initiation factor (elF) 4E (eIF4E) regulates translational efficiency of c-jun mRNA as measured by flux into polysomes. Adult feline cardiomyocytes in primary culture were treated with 0.2 microM 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA), and c-jun mRNA was quantified in total, monosome, and polysome fractions by real-time polymerase chain reaction. After 1 h, TPA increased total c-jun mRNA by 10.5-fold. The corresponding flux into polysomes was significantly lower (5-fold). Adenoviral-mediated overexpression of either eIF4E or a nonphosphorylatable mutant (S209/A) did not affect total c-jun mRNA or its flux between monosomes and polysomes. Similar results were obtained following overexpression of the eIF4E kinase Mnk1. Thus, translational efficiency of c-jun mRNA was not affected by changes in activity or amount of eIF4E. In contrast, a kinase-deficient Mnk1 mutant significantly reduced total c-jun mRNA from 9.8-fold to 6.0-fold while flux between monosomes and polysomes remained constant. The decrease in total c-jun mRNA resulted from increased decay of c-jun mRNA incorporated into the polysomes. We conclude that Mnk1 activity stabilizes c-jun mRNA in polysomes independent of eIF4E phosphorylation.

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