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Infect Immun. 2006 Nov;74(11):6236-43. Epub 2006 Aug 28.

The K1 serotype capsular polysaccharide of Porphyromonas gingivalis elicits chemokine production from murine macrophages that facilitates cell migration.

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  • 1Department of Oral Biology and Periodontology, Goldman School of Dental Medicine, Boston University Medical Center, MA 02118, USA.

Abstract

Porphyromonas gingivalis is the principal organism associated with aggressive forms of generalized periodontal disease. Previous reports have suggested that encapsulated P. gingivalis strains are more virulent than unencapsulated strains; however, the contribution of capsular polysaccharide (CPS) to the virulence of this organism is poorly understood. Since periodontal disease presents with a complex inflammatory cell lesion comprised of neutrophils and monocytes, we cultured murine peritoneal macrophages with heat-killed P. gingivalis W83, CPS purified from P. gingivalis strain W83, and the seven known serotype-specific P. gingivalis CPS and assessed the ability of supernatant fluids produced by challenged macrophages to attract naïve inflammatory cells. We also defined JE/MCP-1, KC, MIP-2, and RANTES production in response to the P. gingivalis CPS antigens. We observed that supernatant fluids collected from macrophages incubated with P. gingivalis W83 and serotype K1 CPS stimulated the migration of naïve murine bone marrow-derived polymorphonuclear leukocytes in an in vitro cell migration chamber. CPS from W83 and the K1 serotype elicited potent chemokine secretion patterns for macrophages, while those specific to serotypes K2 to K7 were significantly less stimulatory. Reverse transcription-PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay revealed JE/MCP-1, KC, MIP-2, and RANTES expression from murine macrophages which had been challenged with purified P. gingivalis W83 CPS. Chemokine production appeared to be dependent on both the dose of and time of exposure to P. gingivalis W83 CPS. These data demonstrate that the P. gingivalis serotype K1 CPS elicits chemokine production from phagocytic cells. Furthermore, these data suggest that the host response to this antigen may contribute to the formation of the inflammatory cell lesion observed during P. gingivalis-elicited periodontal disease.

PMID:
16940143
PMCID:
PMC1695525
DOI:
10.1128/IAI.00519-06
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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