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J Pediatr. 2006 Sep;149(3):320-3.

Coronary artery calcification, serum lipids, lipoproteins, and peripheral inflammatory markers in adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes.

Author information

1
Pediatric Endocrine Unit, Hospital de Clínicas Caracas and Fundación Cardiovascular, Caracas, Venezuela. peterguncsler@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether coronary artery calcification (CAC), elevated fasting lipids, and lipoproteins and peripheral inflammatory markers are present in insulin-dependent diabetic adolescents and young adults several years after diagnosis.

STUDY DESIGN:

Hispanic insulin-dependent diabetics (n = 32) diagnosed a mean of 7.8 +/- 4.5 years ago (range, 3 to 16 years), with a mean glycosylated hemoglobin concentration at the time of the study of 8.8% +/- 2.3% and a mean chronological age of 16.1 +/- 4.4 years, were evaluated. Healthy patients (n = 15) with a chronological age (CA) of 15.2 +/- 2.2 years served as control subjects. CAC was assessed by multiple slice computed tomography, and total CAC score in Agatston units was calculated. Fasting lipids, C-reactive protein, apolipoprotein (Apo) A, Apo B, and metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) concentrations were measured in all subjects.

RESULTS:

Neither adolescents with type 1 diabetes nor healthy control subjects presented with evidence of CAC. Fasting lipids, Apo A, Apo B, CRP, and MMP-9 concentrations were similar between diabetic subjects and control subjects. However, 34.4% and 25.0% of our type 1 diabetic subjects had elevated total and LDL cholesterol levels (>200 and >130 mg/dL, respectively), whereas 15.6% and 28.1% had elevated triglyceride and Apo B concentrations (>150 mg/dL and >100 mg/dL, respectively). In addition, 28.1% and 34.4% presented with elevated CRP and MMP-9 levels (>2 mg/L and >80 ng/mL, respectively). Total, LDL and HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, Apo B, CRP, and MMP-9 concentrations correlated positively with duration of the disease and with glycosylated hemoglobin levels.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although the study adolescents with type 1 diabetes did not present any radiologic evidence of CAC at this stage of the disease, they remain a high-risk group for the development of microvascular and macrovascular artery disease, as risk factors such as elevated lipoproteins and proinflammatory markers are already present in a significant percentage of patients studied.

PMID:
16939740
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2006.04.064
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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