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Biochem J. 2007 Jan 1;401(1):353-63.

Binding of calcium ions and SNAP-25 to the hexa EF-hand protein secretagogin.

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  • 1Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden.

Abstract

Secretagogin is a hexa EF-hand protein, which has been identified as a novel potential tumour marker. In the present study, we show that secretagogin binds four Ca2+ ions (log K1=7.1+/-0.4, log K2=4.7+/-0.6, log K3=3.6+/-0.7 and log K4=4.6+/-0.6 in physiological salt buffers) with a [Ca2+](0.5) of approx. 25 microM. The tertiary structure of secretagogin changes significantly upon Ca2+ binding, but not upon Mg2+ binding, and the amount of exposed hydrophobic surface in secretagogin increases upon Ca2+ binding, but not upon Mg2+ binding. These properties suggest that secretagogin belongs to the 'sensor' family of Ca2+-binding proteins. However, in contrast with the prototypical Ca2+ sensor calmodulin, which interacts with a very large number of proteins, secretagogin is significantly less promiscuous. Only one secretagogin-interacting protein was reproducibly identified from insulinoma cell lysates and from bovine and mouse brain homogenates. This protein was identified as SNAP-25 (25 kDa synaptosome-associated protein), a protein involved in Ca2+-induced exocytosis in neurons and in neuroendocrine cells. K(d) was determined to be 1.2x10(-7) M in the presence of Ca2+ and 1.5x10(-6) M in the absence of Ca2+. The comparatively low Ca2+ affinity for secretagogin and the fact that it undergoes Ca2+-induced conformational changes and interacts with SNAP-25 raise the possibility that secretagogin may link Ca2+ signalling to exocytotic processes.

PMID:
16939418
PMCID:
PMC1698678
DOI:
10.1042/BJ20060918
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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