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Microb Pathog. 2006 Oct-Nov;41(4-5):183-92. Epub 2006 Aug 30.

Differences in invasion and translocation of Burkholderia cepacia complex species in polarised lung epithelial cells in vitro.

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Department of Applied Science, Institute of Technology, Tallaght, Ireland.


In order to investigate the mechanisms by which Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) strains cross the epithelial barrier of the lung and cause septicaemia in a subgroup of Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients, the invasiveness of four Bcc species have been examined in three lung epithelial cells: A549, 16HBE14o- and Calu-3. The latter two cell lines form polarised monolayers when grown on filters. Invasion of both cell lines by B. multivorans strains was reduced when the cells were grown as tight monolayers compared unpolarised cells, suggesting basolateral receptors are required for the process. In contrast, four B. cenocepacia strains showed comparable invasion of both cell lines irrespective of culture model. All four species of Bcc reduced the TER of Calu-3 monolayers. However, while B. cepacia, B. multivorans and B. stabilis strains readily translocated across the epithelial monolayer, B. cenocepacia translocation was slower. Both B. multivorans and B. cenocepacia altered expression of ZO-1 in Calu-3 cells, but not E-cadherin. Overall, the findings that Bcc strains from four species, which differ greatly in their virulence, have the potential to disrupt tight junctions and to translocate across the epithelium, demonstrates this effect is not exclusive to the most virulent species.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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