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Br J Haematol. 2006 Sep;134(6):616-9.

Identification of additional cytogenetic and molecular genetic abnormalities in acute myeloid leukaemia with t(8;21)/AML1-ETO.

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GSF - Clinical Cooperative Group Leukemia, Munich, Germany.


AML1-ETO collaborates with further genetic abnormalities to induce acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). We analysed 99 patients with an AML1-ETO rearrangement for additional aberrations. Frequent genetic abnormalities were, loss of a sex chromosome (56/99, 56.5%) and del(9)(q22) (24/99, 24.2%). The most frequent molecular aberrations were mutations of KITD816 (3/23, 13%) and NRAS (8/89, 8.9%). Further molecular abnormalities were FLT3 mutations (3/87, 3.4%), AML1 (1/26, 3.8%) and PU1 (1/14, 7.1%). MLL-PTD, KRAS and CEBPA mutations were not found. These clinical findings support the model that AML1-ETO collaborates with other genetic alterations, such as mutations of receptor tyrosine kinases, to induce AML.

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