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World J Gastroenterol. 2006 Aug 21;12(31):5060-3.

Comparison of therapeutic effectiveness of combined interventional therapy for 1126 cases of primary liver cancer.

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Department of Interventional Medicine, First Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, Shaanxi Province, China.



To verify the effect of combined interventional therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).


The clinical data of 1126 HCC patients who received combined interventional therapy for transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) before or after hepatectomy, TACE and radio-frequency ablation (RFA), Chinese medicine treatment and biotherapy after TACE or transcatheter arterial infusion (TAI), were reviewed according to the results of their liver function, alpha-fetoprotein, image data, color-ultrasonography finding and survival rate.


A total of 874 patients were followed up for a period of 2 to 63 mo. The overall 1-, 3- and 5- year survival rates were 67.8%, 28.7% and 18.8% respectively. The 1- 3- and 5- year survival rates of patients who received TACE were 74.7%, 41.4%, 36.9% before hepatectomy and 78.9%, 40.4%, 37.5% after hepatectomy. The effective rate (PR + NC) after TACE and RFA was 93.4%, the 1- and 3- year survival rates were 74.5% and 36.8% after TACE and RFA. The effective rate of PR + NC after TACE was 83.2%. The 1-, 3- and 5- year survival rates were 69.3%, 21.7%, 8.4% after TACE. The effective rate of PR + NC after TAI was 27.5%, the 1- and 2- year survival rates were 11.6% and 0% after TAI. The liver function, color-ultrasonography finding and alpha-fetoprotein after TACE + RFA, TACE and TAI were compared. There was no significant difference in each index between TACE and RFA or TACE as well as in liver function between TACE and RFA or between TACE and TAI.


The therapeutic effectiveness of TACE before or after hepatectomy is most significant, while the effect of TACE and RFA is better than that of TACE, and the effect of TAI is minimal.

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