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EMBO Rep. 2006 Oct;7(10):1030-4. Epub 2006 Aug 25.

The retinoid X receptor ligand restores defective signalling by the vitamin D receptor.

Author information

1
Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Arturo Duperier 4, Madrid 28029, Spain.

Abstract

It is assumed that the retinoid X receptor (RXR) acts as a silent partner to the vitamin D receptor (VDR) with its only function to increase affinity of VDR/RXR to its DNA recognition site. In this study, we show that the RXR ligand 9-cis-retinoic acid (9-cis-RA) induces recruitment of coactivators by the DNA-bound heterodimer and potentiates vitamin D-dependent transcriptional responses. The presence of 9-cis-RA increases induction of cyp24 transcripts and differentiation of colon cancer cells by vitamin D, confers significant agonistic activity to a VDR ligand with very low agonistic activity and can even restore transcriptional activity of an AF-2 mutant VDR that causes hereditary rickets. This study shows that, in VDR/RXR heterodimers, allosteric communication triggered by the RXR ligand has a previously unrecognized role in vitamin D signalling, with important physiological and therapeutic implications.

PMID:
16936639
PMCID:
PMC1618365
DOI:
10.1038/sj.embor.7400776
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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