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J Gen Microbiol. 1990 Jan;136(1):37-43.

Partial 16S rRNA primary structure of five Actinomyces species: phylogenetic implications and development of an Actinomyces israelii-specific oligonucleotide probe.

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Institut für Allgemeine Mikrobiologie, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, FRG.


The intra- and intergeneric relationships of the genus Actinomyces were determined by comparing long 16S rRNA sequences, generated by reverse transcriptase. All species formed a phylogenetically coherent cluster in which Actinomyces bovis, A. viscosus, A. naeslundii, A. odontolyticus and A. israelii constituted genetically well defined species. A. israelii DSM 43322 (serotype 2) was not closely related to three other strains of this species (serotype 1) and, as judged from phylogenetic distances, could be accommodated within A. naeslundii, or represent a new species. In contrast to previous findings, members of the genus Actinomyces appear to be related to Bifidobacterium bifidum. Sequence information was used to develop an oligonucleotide probe for the A. israelii serotype 1 strains, which did not react with the serotype 2 strain or with rRNA from strains of eight Actinomyces species.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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