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Endocrinology. 2006 Dec;147(12):5855-64. Epub 2006 Aug 24.

Antiobesity effects of the beta-cell hormone amylin in diet-induced obese rats: effects on food intake, body weight, composition, energy expenditure, and gene expression.

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Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc., San Diego, California 92121, USA.


Effects of amylin and pair feeding (PF) on body weight and metabolic parameters were characterized in diet-induced obesity-prone rats. Peripherally administered rat amylin (300 microg/kg.d, 22d) reduced food intake and slowed weight gain: approximately 10% (P<0.05), similar to PF. Fat loss was 3-fold greater in amylin-treated rats vs. PF (P<0.05). Whereas PF decreased lean tissue (P<0.05 vs. vehicle controls; VEH), amylin did not. During wk 1, amylin and PF reduced 24-h respiratory quotient (mean+/-se, 0.82+/-0.0, 0.81+/-0.0, respectively; P<0.05) similar to VEH (0.84+/-0.01). Energy expenditure (EE mean+/-se) tended to be reduced by PF (5.67+/-0.1 kcal/ and maintained by amylin (5.86+/-0.1 kcal/ relative to VEH (5.77+/-0.0 kcal/ By wk 3, respiratory quotient no longer differed; however, EE increased with amylin treatment (5.74+/-0.09 kcal/.kg; P<0.05) relative to VEH (5.49+/-0.06) and PF (5.38+/-0.07 kcal/ Differences in EE, attributed to differences in lean mass, argued against specific amylin-induced thermogenesis. Weight loss in amylin and pair-fed rats was accompanied by similar increases arcuate neuropeptide Y mRNA (P<0.05). Amylin treatment, but not PF, increased proopiomelanocortin mRNA levels (P<0.05 vs. VEH). In a rodent model of obesity, amylin reduced body weight and body fat, with relative preservation of lean tissue, through anorexigenic and specific metabolic effects.

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