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Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Sep;142(3):495-7.

Prevalence of eye disorders in young children with eyestrain complaints.

Author information

1
University of Sydney, Department of Ophthalmology (Centre for Vision Research, Westmead Hospital), Westmead Millennium Institute, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine whether eyestrain symptoms predict eye conditions in 6-year-old children.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional population-based study.

METHODS:

Reports of eyestrain symptoms were sought in parental questionnaires; 1740 children (79% response) underwent eye examinations (visual acuity, cover testing, cycloplegic autorefraction, and fundus examination).

RESULTS:

Eyestrain information was available for 1448 children; 220 (15.2%) reported eyestrain symptoms, including 60 (3.4%) who reported near work-associated headaches. Most children (82.3%) had a normal eye examination, while refractive errors, amblyopia, and strabismus were found in 15.0%, 3.6%, and 7.3%, respectively. Corresponding rates for children without eyestrain were 9.9%, 1.4%, and 1.8%, respectively. Moreover, 78.7% of children with refractive errors, 68% with amblyopia, and 58% with strabismus reported no eyestrain.

CONCLUSIONS:

Most children complaining of eyestrain had a normal eye examination; whereas most children with refractive error, amblyopia, or strabismus were free of eyestrain, making this complaint a poor marker of eye conditions in young children.

PMID:
16935600
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajo.2006.03.047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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