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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Sep;87(9):1235-41.

The Cumberland ankle instability tool: a report of validity and reliability testing.

Author information

1
School of Physiotherapy, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT), a 9-item 30-point scale, for measuring severity of functional ankle instability.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING:

General community.

PARTICIPANTS:

Volunteer sample of 236 subjects.

INTERVENTIONS:

Not applicable.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Concurrent validity by comparison with the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS) and a visual analog scale (VAS) of global perception of ankle instability by using the Spearman rho. Construct validity and internal reliability with Rasch analysis using goodness-of-fit statistics for items and subjects, separation of subjects, correlation of items to the total scale, and a Cronbach alpha equivalent. Discrimination score for functional ankle instability by maximizing the Youden index and tested for sensitivity and specificity. Test-retest reliability by intraclass correlation coefficient, model 2,1 (ICC(2,1)).

RESULTS:

There were significant correlations between the CAIT and LEFS (rho=.50, P<.01) and VAS (rho=.76, P<.01). Construct validity and internal reliability were acceptable (alpha=.83; point measure correlation for all items, >0.5; item reliability index, .99). The threshold CAIT score was 27.5 (Youden index, 68.1); sensitivity was 82.9% and specificity was 74.7%. Test-retest reliability was excellent (ICC(2,1)=.96).

CONCLUSIONS:

CAIT is a simple, valid, and reliable tool to measure severity of functional ankle instability.

PMID:
16935061
DOI:
10.1016/j.apmr.2006.05.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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