Send to

Choose Destination
Res Microbiol. 2006 Nov;157(9):811-8. Epub 2006 Aug 2.

The alternative sigma factor RpoH2 is required for salt tolerance in Sinorhizobium sp. strain BL3.

Author information

School of Biotechnology, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand.


The objectives of this investigation were to isolate the rpoH2 gene encoding an alternative sigma factor from Sinorhizobium sp. BL3 and to determine its role in exopolysaccharide (EPS) synthesis, salt tolerance and symbiosis with Phaseolus lathyroides. The rpoH2 gene of Rhizobium sp. strain TAL1145 is known to be required for EPS synthesis and effective nodulation of Leucaena leucocephala. Three overlapping cosmid clones containing the rpoH2 gene of BL3 were isolated by complementing an rpoH2 mutant of TAL1145 for EPS production. From one of these cosmids, rpoH2 of BL3 was identified within a 3.0-kb fragment by subcloning and sequencing. The cloned rpoH2 gene of BL3 restored both EPS production and nodulation defects of the TAL1145 rpoH2 mutants. Three rpoH2 mutants of BL3 were constructed by transposon-insertion mutagenesis. These mutants of BL3 grew normally in complete or minimal medium and were not defective in EPS synthesis, nodulation and nitrogen fixation, but they failed to grow in salt stress conditions. The mutants complemented with cloned rpoH2 from either BL3 or TAL1145 showed higher levels of salt tolerance than BL3. The expression of rpoH2 in BL3 started increasing during the exponential phase and reached the highest level in the mid-stationary phase. These results indicate that RpoH2 is required for salt tolerance in Sinorhizobium sp. BL3, and it may have additional roles during the stationary phase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center