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Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2006 Sep;62(3):304-8.

Determination of the biliary excretion of piperacillin in humans using a novel method.

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1
School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Abstract

AIM:

To evaluate the applicability of a novel method to determine the biliary excretion of piperacillin.

METHODS:

Healthy volunteers were administered piperacillin i.v. Duodenal aspirates were collected via a custom-made oroenteric catheter; blood and urine also were collected. Gallbladder ejection fraction (EF) was determined by gamma scintigraphy and pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using noncompartmental analysis.

RESULTS:

The fraction of the piperacillin dose excreted unchanged into bile was 1.1 +/- 0.3% (biliary clearance corrected for EF was 0.032 +/- 0.008 ml min(-1) kg(-1)).

CONCLUSIONS:

This methodology can be used to determine reliably the biliary clearance of drugs that are excreted only marginally into bile. Normalization of biliary clearance for EF significantly reduces intersubject variability of this parameter.

PMID:
16934046
PMCID:
PMC1885142
DOI:
10.1111/j.1365-2125.2006.02662.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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