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Proteomics. 2006 Sep;6(17):4688-703.

Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis as tool for proteomics studies in combination with protein identification by mass spectrometry.

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Wittmann Institute of Technology and Analysis of Biomolecules, WITA, Teltow, Berlin, Germany.

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  • Proteomics. 2007 Mar;7(5):824.


The proteome analysis by 2-DE is one of the most potent methods of analyzing the complete proteome of cells, cell lines, organs and tissues in proteomics studies. It allows a fast overview of changes in cell processes by analysis of the entire protein extracts in any biological and medical research projects. New instrumentation and advanced technologies provide proteomics studies in a wide variety of biological and biomedical questions. Proteomics work is being applied to study antibiotics-resistant strains and human tissues of various brain, lung, and heart diseases. It cumulated in the identification of antigens for the design of new vaccines. These advances in proteomics have been possible through the development of advanced high-resolution 2-DE systems allowing resolution of up to 10 000 protein spots of entire cell lysates in combination with protein identification by new highly sensitive mass spectrometric techniques. The present technological achievements are suited for a high throughput screening of different cell situations. Proteomics may be used to investigate the health effects of radiation and electromagnetic field to clarify possible dangerous alterations in human beings.

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