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Biochem Cell Biol. 1990 Feb;68(2):547-51.

Studies on the lipopolysaccharide of a virulent and an avirulent strain of Vibrio vulnificus.

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Department of Biology, University of North Carolina, Charlotte 28223.


Vibrio vulnificus is a marine bacterium associated with both primary septicemias and wound infections in humans. The lipopolysaccharides of a virulent and an avirulent strain of Vibrio vulnificus were compared with respect to their chemical constituents and electrophoretic characteristics. 2-Keto-3-deoxyoctonic acid, a normal constituent of the lipopolysaccharide of typical Enterobacteriaceae, was not found in the lipopolysaccharide of either strain. Hexadecenoate (C16:1) was the predominant fatty acid of the lipid A moiety of the lipopolysaccharides and of the membrane phospholipids of both strains. Hydroxy fatty acids composed 44% of the total fatty acids of the lipid A of the avirulent and 40% of those in the virulent strain. In addition, odd-numbered fatty acids were detected in both lipopolysaccharides. The electrophoretic profile was similar for both strains, but demonstrated no "ladder-like" pattern characteristic of "smooth" lipopolysaccharides. The result of this study showed no significant differences between the lipopolysaccharides of the virulent and avirulent strains of Vibrio vulnificus. The possible role for lipopolysaccharide in pathogenesis of Vibrio vulnificus infections is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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