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Curr Urol Rep. 2006 Jul;7(4):329-34.

Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome and interstitial cystitis: are they related?

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Temple University School of Medicine, 3401 North Broad Street, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA.


Interstitial cystitis and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome are clinical syndromes characterized by pelvic pain with or without voiding symptoms such as urgency and frequency. There are many similarities in their epidemiology, adverse effect on quality of life, etiology/pathophysiology, natural history, and response to similar treatments. However, overlapping clinical definitions and similar entrance criteria for large-scale cohort studies make comparisons problematic. Newer efforts to classify pelvic pain syndromes should help in our recognition that interstitial cystitis and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome likely are not organ-specific syndromes but urogenital manifestations of regional or systemic abnormalities.

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