Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Ophthalmol. 2006 Sep;90(9):1115-8.

Subretinal membranes are associated with abnormal degrees of pupil "evasion": an index of clinical macular dysfunction.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Neuroscience, Imperial College London, UK. fhz12@hotmail.com

Abstract

AIM:

To assess whether macular dysfunction caused by unilateral subretinal neovascular membranes (SRNs) is associated with pupil "evasion" (that is, increased initial rate of re-dilation following a brief light stimulus).

METHODS:

Comparative observational series. 20 eyes of 10 participants, all with unilateral SRNs and healthy fellow eyes. Dynamic infrared pupillography at seven stimulus intensities (duration 1100 ms, intensities over 2 log unit range). Pupil evasion ratio (PEVR; defined as the ratio of light response amplitude to amount of recovery at the mid-time point of re-dilation expressed as a percentage) was calculated for each stimulus intensity (mean of five recordings).

RESULTS:

Inter-eye PEVR is significantly reduced in eyes with SRN (that is, greater pupil evasion in SRN eyes: range p = 0.002 to p = 0.05 (paired t test)) and is most apparent at higher stimulus intensities.

CONCLUSIONS:

PEVR is a novel parameter that is analogous to the pupil escape ratio, but measured following a short rather than a sustained light stimulus. PEVR is significantly altered by macular disease. Clinically PEVR may be used to detect occult unilateral or asymmetric maculopathy in situations such as ocular media opacities like cataract, when pupil reactions are unaffected or augmented, while other tests of retinal function are diminished. PEVR represents altered neuronal firing in cones and macular ganglion cells.

PMID:
16929060
PMCID:
PMC1857389
DOI:
10.1136/bjo.2005.083279
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center