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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2007 Feb;292(2):C767-77. Epub 2006 Aug 23.

Protein kinase D2 mediates lysophosphatidic acid-induced interleukin 8 production in nontransformed human colonic epithelial cells through NF-kappaB.

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Dept. of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1786, USA.


The signaling pathways mediating lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-stimulated PKD(2) activation and the potential contribution of PKD(2) in regulating LPA-induced interleukin 8 (IL-8) secretion in nontransformed, human colonic epithelial NCM460 cells were examined. Treatment of serum-deprived NCM460 cells with LPA led to a rapid and striking activation of PKD(2), as measured by in vitro kinase assay and phosphorylation at the activation loop (Ser706/710) and autophosphorylation site (Ser876). PKD(2) activation induced by LPA was abrogated by preincubation with selective PKC inhibitors GF-I and Ro-31-8220 in a dose-dependent manner. These inhibitors did not have any direct inhibitory effect on PKD(2) activity. LPA induced a striking increase in IL-8 production and stimulated NF-kappaB activation, as measured by NF-kappaB-DNA binding, NF-kappaB-driven luciferase reporter activity, and IkappaBalpha phosphorylation. PKD(2) gene silencing utilizing small interfering RNAs targeting distinct PKD(2) sequences dramatically reduced LPA-stimulated NF-kappaB promoter activity and IL-8 production. PKD(2) activation is a novel early event in the biological action of LPA and mediates LPA-stimulated IL-8 secretion in NCM460 cells through a NF-kappaB-dependent pathway. Our results demonstrate, for the first time, the involvement of a member of the PKD family in the production of IL-8, a potent proinflammatory chemokine, by epithelial cells.

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