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Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2006 Sep;31(3):263-72.

Use of multiple-site performance-contingent SEMG reward programming in pediatric rehabilitation: a retrospective review.

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Cleveland Clinic Children's Hospital for Rehabilitation, Clevland, Ohio, USA.


We completed a retrospective review of the effectiveness of multi-site, performance-contingent reward programming on functional change in motor performance of 16 treatment resistant children. Patients were previously treated in physical or occupational therapy for head control, standing balance training, sitting and upper extremity use (brachial plexus injury). They then participated in a program that utilized multiple surface electromyography sites the use of which was rewarded with videos for performing the correct constellation of recruitment pattern (e.g., contracting some muscles while relaxing others). Onset of reward was calibrated for each patient and transfer of skill to outside the clinic was encouraged by linking a verbal cue to the correct motor plan. Fourteen of the 16 patients improved. The implications of the use of this technique in the treatment of motor dysfunction is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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